All Americans deserve better. No one cares about me. I met the man who said those words while working as a bartender in the Ozark Mountains of northwest Arkansas.
For thousands of years humans believed that authority came from the gods. Then, during the modern era, humanism gradually shifted authority from deities to people.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau summed up this revolution in Emile, his treatise on education. I need only consult myself with regard to what I wish to do; what I feel to be good is good, what I feel to be bad is bad.
Now, a fresh shift is taking place.
|Orion Magazine | Dark Ecology||Ornamenta Rationalia [ 55 ] Whence we see spiders, flies, or ants entombed and preserved forever in amber, a more than royal tomb.|
|Rationally Speaking archive||The Sophists to Secular Humanism He says somewhere that man is the measure of all things, of the existing, that they are, and of the non-existing, that they are not.|
|Religions of the world||Terminology[ edit ] The meaning of the phrase secular humanism has evolved over time. The phrase has been used since at least the s by Anglican priests,  and inthe then Archbishop of CanterburyWilliam Templewas reported as warning that the "Christian tradition|
Just as divine authority was legitimised by religious mythologies, and human authority was legitimised by humanist ideologies, so high-tech gurus and Silicon Valley prophets are creating a new universal narrative that legitimises the authority of algorithms and Big Data. We are already becoming tiny chips inside a giant system that nobody really understands.
Every day I absorb countless data bits through emails, phone calls and articles; process the data; and transmit back new bits through more emails, phone calls and articles.
This relentless dataflow sparks new inventions and disruptions that nobody plans, controls or comprehends. All you need to do is answer your emails faster. Just as free-market capitalists believe in the invisible hand of the market, so Dataists believe in the invisible hand of the dataflow.
As the global data-processing system becomes all-knowing and all-powerful, so connecting to the system becomes the source of all meaning. The new motto says: If you record something — upload it. If you upload something — share it. Once that happens, humans will lose their authority, and humanist practices such as democratic elections will become as obsolete as rain dances and flint knives.
What does your heart tell you? Gove is not alone in listening to his heart in critical moments. For the past few centuries humanism has seen the human heart as the supreme source of authority not merely in politics but in every other field of activity. From infancy we are bombarded with a barrage of humanist slogans counselling us: In market economics, we maintain that the customer is always right.
Humanist art thinks that beauty is in the eye of the beholder; humanist education teaches us to think for ourselves; and humanist ethics advise us that if it feels good, we should go ahead and do it.
Of course, humanist ethics often run into difficulties in situations when something that makes me feel good makes you feel bad.
For example, every year for the past decade the Israeli LGBT community has held a gay parade in the streets of Jerusalem. It is a unique day of harmony in this conflict-riven city, because it is the one occasion when religious Jews, Muslims and Christians suddenly find a common cause — they all fume in accord against the gay parade.
Just as gay people want us to respect their feelings, they should respect ours. Scientific insights into the way our brains and bodies work suggest that our feelings are not some uniquely human spiritual quality.
Rather, they are biochemical mechanisms that all mammals and birds use in order to make decisions by quickly calculating probabilities of survival and reproduction.
When a baboon, giraffe or human sees a lion, fear arises because a biochemical algorithm calculates the relevant data and concludes that the probability of death is high. Similarly, feelings of sexual attraction arise when other biochemical algorithms calculate that a nearby individual offers a high probability for successful mating.
These biochemical algorithms have evolved and improved through millions of years of evolution. If the feelings of some ancient ancestor made a mistake, the genes shaping these feelings did not pass on to the next generation.
For although there was nothing magical about our feelings, they were nevertheless the best method in the universe for making decisions — and no outside system could hope to understand my feelings better than me.
Even if the Catholic Church or the Soviet KGB spied on me every minute of every day, they lacked the biological knowledge and the computing power necessary to calculate the biochemical processes shaping my desires and choices.
Hence, humanism was correct in telling people to follow their own heart. If you had to choose between listening to the Bible and listening to your feelings, it was much better to listen to your feelings.
The Bible represented the opinions and biases of a few priests in ancient Jerusalem. Your feelings, in contrast, represented the accumulated wisdom of millions of years of evolution that have passed the most rigorous quality-control tests of natural selection.
For we are now at the confluence of two scientific tidal waves. On the one hand, biologists are deciphering the mysteries of the human body and, in particular, of the brain and of human feelings.Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a Humanist worldview.
They are the original Humanist Manifesto (, often referred to as Humanist Manifesto I), the Humanist Manifesto II (), and Humanism and Its Aspirations (, a.k.a.
Humanist Manifesto III).The Manifesto originally arose from religious Humanism, though secular Humanists . Islam, Muslims and Islamic civilization are under siege in America. Subsequent to the tragic incidents of September 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, ISIS’s barbarism and Paris shooting, Islam both as religion and community has witnessed some of the worst attacks upon its heritage and legacy unprecedented in the previous history.
COMMUNIQUE #3 Haymarket Issue "I NEED ONLY MENTION in passing that there is a curious reappearance of the Catfish tradition in the popular Godzilla cycle of films which arose after the nuclear chaos unleashed upon Japan.
The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening. It was first employed (as humanismus) by 19th-century German scholars to designate the Renaissance emphasis on classical studies in lausannecongress2018.com studies were pursued and endorsed by educators known, as early as the late 15th century, as umanisti—that is, professors or students .
The biological aspect above focused on ancestry and history. But this is not academic detail. The history of a population affects it genome, and . Humanism, system of education and mode of inquiry that originated in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and lausannecongress2018.com term is alternatively applied to a variety of Western beliefs, methods, and philosophies that place central emphasis on the human realm.