Homeless people are constantly told to move their few belongings — or lose them. Oakland must not be a part of this.
In fact, over the past century, U. Shortly after the United States entered World War I, seven states passed laws abridging freedom of speech and freedom of the press. In Junethey were joined by Congress, which passed the Espionage Act.
This included the prominent labor leader and Socialist Party presidential candidate, Eugene V. Meanwhile, teachers were fired from the public schools and universities, elected state and federal legislators critical of the war were prevented from taking office, and religious pacifists who refused to carry weapons after they were drafted into the armed forces were forcibly clad in uniform, beaten, stabbed with bayonets, dragged by ropes around their necks, tortured, and killed.
It was the worst outbreak of government repression in U. Two-thirds of them were U. Inrecognizing the blatant unconstitutionality of the wartime internment, Congress passed the Civil Liberties Act, which apologized for the action and paid reparations to the survivors and their families.
But the war led to other violations of rights, as well, including the imprisonment of roughly 6, conscientious objectors and the confinement of some 12, others in Civilian Public Service camps.
As this legislation was used to prosecute and imprison members of groups that merely talked abstractly of revolution, the U. Supreme Court ultimately narrowed its scope considerably. The civil liberties situation worsened considerably with the advent of the Cold War.
In Congress, the House Un-American Activities Committee gathered files on over a million Americans whose loyalty it questioned and held contentious hearings designed to expose alleged subversives.
Jumping into the act, Senator Joseph McCarthy began reckless, demagogic accusations of Communism and treason, using his political power and, later, a Senate investigations subcommittee, to defame and intimidate. The compulsory signing of loyalty oaths became standard practice on the federal, state, and local level.
By30 states required some sort of loyalty oath for teachers. When citizen activism bubbled up in the form of protest against the Vietnam War, the federal government responded with a stepped-up program of repression.
Designed to expose, disrupt, and neutralize the new wave of activism by any means necessary, COINTELPRO spread false, derogatory information about dissident leaders and organizations, created conflicts among their leaders and members, and resorted to burglary and violence.
Although revelations about the unsavory activities of U. After the beginning of the Global War on Terror, the remaining checks on U. The problem here lies not in some unique flaw of the United States but, rather, in the fact that warfare is not conducive to freedom.
Amid the heightened fear and inflamed nationalism that accompany war, governments and many of their citizens regard dissent as akin to treason. He writes for PeaceVoice.In sum, Trump believes that America gets a raw deal from the liberal international order it helped to create and has led since World War II.
He has three key arguments that he returns to time and. Of the silent trilogy, Earth () is Dovzhenko’s most accessible film but, perhaps for these same reasons, most misunderstood. In a Brussels’ film jury would vote Earth as one of the great films of all time.
Earth marks a threshold in Dovzhenko’s career emblematic of a turning point in the Ukrainian cultural and political avant-garde - the end of one period and transition to another.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S.
justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . Defending Indigenous Lands in Honduras: A Photo Essay.
Like other indigenous peoples throughout Honduras, those in Rio Blanco defend their river and their land at the cost of their lives and liberty. At stake throughout Honduras—as throughout the world—are indigenous lands, rivers, knowledge (otherwise known as intellectual . The Case for Reparations.
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