He attended Franciscan elementary school and excelled in Latin, and was noted for his strong singing voice.
A few hours after birth, he was baptized in the village church. His baptismal name was Miquel Josep Serra. But he showed a special interest in visiting the local Franciscan friary at the church of San Bernardino within a block of the Serra family house.
Attending the friars ' primary school at the church, Miquel learned reading, writing, mathematics, Latin, religion and liturgical songespecially Gregorian chant. Gifted with a good voice, he eagerly took to vocal music. The friars sometimes let him join the community choir and sing at special church feasts.
Miquel and his father Antonio often visited the friary for friendly chats with the Franciscans. A year later, he became a novice in the Franciscan order.
The slight and frail Serra now embarked on his novitiate period, a rigorous year of preparation to become a full member of the Franciscan Order. He still had seven years to go to become an ordained Catholic priest. He immersed himself in rigorous studies of logic, metaphysics, cosmology, and theology.
The daily routine at the friary followed a rigid schedule: The friars would wake up every midnight for another round of chants. Serra's superiors discouraged letters and visitors. He followed the news of famous missionaries winning beatification and sainthood.
InSerra became a priest, and three years later earned an ecclesiastical license to teach philosophy at the Convento de San Francisco. His philosophy course, including over 60 students, lasted three years.
He received a doctorate in theology from the Lullian College founded in the 14th century by Ramon Lull for the training of Franciscan missionaries in Palma de Majorca, where he also occupied the Duns Scotus chair of philosophy until he joined the missionary College of San Fernando de Mexico in Serra sometimes went home from Palma for brief visits to his parents—now separated—and gave them some financial support.
On one occasion he was called home to anoint his seriously ill father with the last rites. Serra, now 35, was assured a prestigious career as priest and scholar if he stayed in Majorca; but he set his sights firmly on pagan lands.
While waiting to set sail, Serra wrote a long letter to a colleague back in Majorca, urging him to console Serra's parents—now in their 70's—over their only son's pending departure.
Now is not the time to muse or fret over the happenings of life but rather to be conformed entirely to the will of God, striving to prepare themselves for that happy death which of all the things of life is our principal concern.
Royal officials provided horses for the 20 Franciscan friars to ride up the Camino Real. All accepted the offer, except for Serra and one companion, a friar from Andalusia.The portrait of Father Serra at the beginning of the biography is a copy of the original.
It bears the legend: Portrait of the Rev.
Father Junípero Serra, Apostle of Upper California, copied from the original which is kept in his convent of Santa Cruz in Querétaro. Difficulties with Pedro Fages, the military commander, compelled Father Serra in to lay the case before Viceroy Bucareli.
At the capital of Mexico, by order of the viceroy, he drew up his “Representación” in thirty-two articles. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Jun. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
Two people familiar with the financial fraud investigation of Michael Cohen say his lawyers are in negotiations with prosecutors that could result in a plea deal, possibly within hours.
Saint Junípero Serra (). Often called the “father of the California Missions,” Junípero Serra did more than any other man to advance the Catholic church and beliefs in California.
The portrait of Father Serra at the beginning of the biography is a copy of the original. It bears the legend: Portrait of the Rev. Father Junípero Serra, Apostle of Upper California, copied from the original which is kept in his convent of Santa Cruz in Querétaro.