Paris visits Menelaus in Sparta. With the assistance of Aphrodite, Paris and Helen fall in love and elope back to Troy, but in Sparta her elopement is considered an abduction. Leads a charge against the Trojans in Book
The most powerful warrior in The Iliad, Achilles commands the Myrmidons, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in Greece. Proud and headstrong, he takes offense easily and reacts with blistering indignation when he perceives that his honor has been slighted.
Read an in-depth analysis of Achilles. Arrogant and often selfish, Agamemnon provides the Achaeans with strong but sometimes reckless and self-serving leadership. Like Achilles, he lacks consideration and forethought. He helps mediate between Agamemnon and Achilles during their quarrel and often prevents them from making rash decisions.
After Achilles withdraws from combat, Athena inspires Diomedes with such courage that he actually wounds two gods, Aphrodite and Ares.
His extraordinary size and strength help him to wound Hector twice by hitting him with boulders. He often acts as an advisor to the military commanders, especially Agamemnon.
While it is the abduction of his wife, Helen, by the Trojan prince Paris that sparks the Trojan War, Menelaus proves quieter, less imposing, and less arrogant than Agamemnon. Though he has a stout heart, Menelaus is not among the mightiest Achaean warriors.
Idomeneus leads a charge against the Trojans in Book Machaon is wounded by Paris in Book Although his name often appears in the epic, Peleus never appears in person. Achilles deeply loves and trusts Phoenix, and Phoenix mediates between him and Agamemnon during their quarrel.
He mirrors Achilles in some of his flaws, but his bloodlust is not so great as that of Achilles. He is devoted to his wife, Andromache, and son, Astyanax, but resents his brother Paris for bringing war upon their family and city.
Read an in-depth analysis of Hector. Though too old to fight, he has earned the respect of both the Trojans and the Achaeans by virtue of his level-headed, wise, and benevolent rule.
He treats Helen kindly, though he laments the war that her beauty has sparked. Paris is self-centered and often unmanly. She loathes herself now for the misery that she has caused so many Trojan and Achaean men. Although her contempt extends to Paris as well, she continues to stay with him. Polydamas gives the Trojans sound advice, but Hector seldom acts on it.If the Iliad is about strength, the Odyssey is about cunning, a difference that becomes apparent in the very first lines of the epics.
Whereas the Iliad tells the story of the rage of Achilles, the strongest hero in the Greek army, the Odyssey focuses on a “man of twists and turns” (1. 1). Three important characters in Homer's Iliad are: Odysseus: He is a human hero, who is the King of Ithaca.
He fights on the Greek side in the Trojan war and is known for his cleverness, and devising. In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War.
In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer portrays the lust for another man’s wife.
In the Iliad, Paris abducts Helen, the wife of Menelaus. In the Odyssey, several suitors ask for the hand of Penelope, the wife of Odysseus and Calypso promises immortality and an immortal relationship to Odysseus.
Homer uses Odysseus' stability and maturity as a foil to both Achilles and Agamemnon. There is no character development in Odysseus, but his purpose in the . We can contrast Odysseus, for example, with the great warrior Achilles in The Iliad.
Achilles himself is not a two-dimensional stereotype. He has a tragic flaw, which can best be identified as hubris (an overbearing arrogance or misguided pride) as one of several distinguishing traits.