Share Shares 2K Even though science has pushed our understanding of the living world to new heights, there are still some things that just plain baffle us.
And for a very good reason: Unlike regular seasonal epidemics of the flu, there are also rare but deadly pandemics, i.
The Peloponnesian War Pestilence The very first pandemic in recorded history was described by Thucydides. In BC, during the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta, the Greek historian told of a great pestilence that wiped out over 30, of the citizens of Athens roughly one to two thirds of all Athenians died.
Thucydides described the disease as such "People in good health were all of a sudden attacked by violent heats in the head, and redness and inflammation in the eyes, the inward parts, such as the throat or tongue, becoming bloody and emitting an unnatural and fetid breath. A handful survived, but often without their fingers, sights, and even genitals Source Until today, the disease that decimated ancient Athens has yet to be identified.
The Antonine Plague In AD, Greek physician Galen described an ancient pandemic, now thought to be smallpox, that was brought to Rome by soldiers returning from Mesopotamia.
The disease was named after Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, one of two Roman emperors who died from it. At its height, the disease killed some 5, people a day in Rome.
By the time the disease ran its course some 15 years later, a total of 5 million people were dead. At the height of the infection, the disease, named the Plague of Justinian after the reigning emperor Justinian I, killed 10, people in Constantinople every day.
With no room nor time to bury them, bodies were left stacked in the open. By the end of the outbreak, nearly half of the inhabitants of the city were dead. Historians believe that this outbreak decimated up to a quarter of human population in the eastern Mediterranean. It was the bubonic plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
This outbreak, the first known bubonic plague pandemic in recorded human history, marked the first of many outbreaks of plague - a disease that claimed as many as million lives throughout history. The Black Death After the Plague of Justinian, there were many sporadic oubreaks of the plague, but none as severe as the Black Death of the 14th century.
While no one knows for certain where the disease came from it was thought that merchants and soldiers carried it over caravan trading routesthe Black Death took a heavy toll on Europe. The fatality was recorded at over 25 million people or one-fourth of the entire population.
The first, the bubonic plague, was the most common: Without treatment, bubonic plague kills about half of those infected within 3 to 7 days. In pneumonic plague, droplets of aerosolized Y.
The last form, septicemic plague, happens when the bacteria enter the blood from the lymphatic or respiratory system. Patients with septicemic plague develop gangrenes in their fingers and toes, which turn the skin black which gives the disease its moniker Though rare, this form of the disease is almost always fatal - often killing its victims the same day the symptoms appear.
Inanother bubonic plague epidemic named the Third Epidemic hit the world - this time, the initial outbreak was in Yunnan Province, China.
Human migration, trade and wars helped the disease spread from China to India, Africa, and the Americas.
All in all, this pandemic lasted about years it officially ended in and claimed over 12 million people in India and China alone. Just 6 months later, the flu had become a worldwide pandemic in all continents.
It is perhaps the most lethal pandemic in the history of humankind: Recently, scientists were able to "resurrect" the virus from a well-preserved corpse buried in the permafrost of Alaska.New evidence suggests that Neanderthals and modern humans were not distinct species as previously thought but evolved together and probably interbred.
Benjamin Peirce (–) called mathematics "the science that draws necessary conclusions". An online mathematics encyclopedia under construction, focusing on modern mathematics. Uses the Attribution-ShareAlike license, allowing article exchange with Wikipedia.
Uses TeX markup. Some mathematics applets, at MIT;. Modern Science: Assessment - lausannecongress2018.com Alternative Assessment Answer Key MCDOUGAL LITTELL EARTH SCIENCE Chapter 5 Alternative Assessment Mineral Identification Sample Table When providing students with the mineral samples, identify the minerals, but do not say which sample (1, 2, McDougal Littell Earth Science Alternative Assessment Answers.
The Biblical Basis for Modern Science, by Henry M. Morris What Is Creation Science?, by Henry M. Morris & Gary E.
Parker Evolution: The Challenge of the Fossil Record, by Duane T. Gish, Ph.D. Modern Science by Modern science 3 likes 0 dislikes.
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